Cytokinetics Announces Data From Two Presentations at the HFSA Virtual Annual Scientific Meeting 2020

Cytokinetics, Incorporated today announced that new data were presented at the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA) Virtual Annual Scientific Meeting 2020. The first presentation provided analyses of outcomes research in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) whose characteristics were similar to those patients who met eligibility criteria for GALACTIC-HF (Global Approach to Lowering Adverse Cardiac Outcomes Through Improving Contractility in Heart Failure), the Phase 3 event driven cardiovascular outcomes clinical trial of omecamtiv mecarbil. The second presentation provided post hoc analyses of effects of omecamtiv mecarbil on right ventricular function arising from COSMIC-HF (Chronic Oral Study of Myosin Activation to Increase Contractility in Heart Failure), the Phase 2 clinical trial evaluating omecamtiv mecarbil in patients with HFrEF.

Fady I. Malik, M.D., Ph.D., Cytokinetics’ Executive Vice President of Research & Development Says: These analyses of real-world patients comparable to those in GALACTIC-HF and who are at high risk of cardiovascular events including hospitalization support the design of our Phase 3 clinical trial to assess the potential of omecamtiv mecarbil in patients with clinical unmet need, Additionally, while we have previously reported that treatment with omecamtiv mecarbil improved left atrial and ventricular function in patients in COSMIC-HF, these additional data suggest that right ventricular function may have been improving as well, underscoring a potential for a more comprehensive effect on overall cardiac function.

Characteristics and Outcomes of a Real-World Population with HFrEF Representative of Patients Enrolled in GALACTIC-HF

De-identified electronic health records from 2006-2019 of inpatients and outpatients at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center were used to create two real-world cohorts of HFrEF patients. The “clinical cohort” included 3,955 patients matching the eMERGE network phenotype of HFrEF, with a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%. A “GALACTIC-HF-like cohort” included 1,541 patients identified by mirroring the eligibility criteria of the trial, including hospitalizations, medications, laboratory values and a LVEF ≤ 35%. Approximately 40% of real-world HFrEF patients met the eligibility criteria for GALACTIC-HF in this database. The median age at index date for the clinical cohort was 65, and 61 for the GALACTIC-HF-like cohort. Both cohorts were approximately two-thirds male and 80% white. Aside from a higher median N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level in the GALACTIC-HF-like cohort (821 pg/mL vs. 506 pg/mL in the clinical cohort), blood pressure and heart rate of the two cohorts were similar. Comorbidities including chronic kidney disease (31% vs. 21%) and atrial fibrillation (32% vs. 29%) were somewhat higher in the GALACTIC-HF-like cohort than in the clinical cohort, as was utilization of cardiac resynchronization or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (26% vs. 23%). The heart failure hospitalization rate (per 1000 patient-years) was 242 (203, 280; 95% confidence interval [CI]) in the clinical cohort and 396 (350, 442; 95% CI) in the GALACTIC-HF-like cohort during median follow up of 2.7 and 4.1 years, respectively. The rates of HF hospitalization in both cohorts, and in particular the GALACTIC-HF-like cohort, indicates a high-risk population with significant unmet need.

New Results from COSMIC-HF Demonstrate Improvement in Right Ventricular Function During Treatment with Omecamtiv Mecarbil

In COSMIC-HF, 448 patients with stable, symptomatic heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <40% were randomly assigned to omecamtiv mecarbil [25 mg twice daily (n=150); or 25 mg twice daily with pharmacokinetic-guided dose selection to 50 mg twice daily (PK titration group, n=149)] or placebo (n=149) in a double-blind fashion for 20 weeks. Previously reported results showed improvements in measures of left ventricular function in the PK group. This post-hoc analysis assessed the effect of omecamtiv mecarbil on right ventricular structure and function. Patients in the PK titration group who received omecamtiv mecarbil had improved measures of right ventricular function, including right ventricular systolic ejection time (RV-SET) (p<0.001), right ventricular end-systolic area (RV-ESA) (p=0.012), and right ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral (RVOT-VTI) (p=0.002). Additionally, measures of right ventricular pulmonary arterial coupling were also improved, including pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) (p=0.008), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE)/PASP ratio (p=0.002), and RVOT-VTI/PASP ratio (p=0.002), indicating improved blood flow from the right ventricle was not met with increased pulmonary arterial resistance.

About Omecamtiv Mecarbil and the Phase 3 Clinical Trials Program

Omecamtiv mecarbil is an investigational selective cardiac myosin activator, the first of a novel class of myotropes, that binds to the catalytic domain of myosin. Preclinical research has shown that cardiac myosin activators increase cardiac contractility without affecting intracellular myocyte calcium concentrations or myocardial oxygen consumption.2-4 Cardiac myosin is the cytoskeletal motor protein in the cardiac muscle cell that is directly responsible for converting chemical energy into the mechanical force resulting in cardiac contraction.

Omecamtiv mecarbil is being developed for the potential treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) under a collaboration between Amgen and Cytokinetics, with funding and strategic support from Servier. Omecamtiv mecarbil is the subject of a comprehensive Phase 3 clinical trials program comprised of GALACTIC-HF (Global Approach to Lowering Adverse Cardiac Outcomes Through Improving Contractility in Heart Failure), a large, Phase 3 global, event-driven, cardiovascular outcomes study, and METEORIC-HF (Multicenter Exercise Tolerance Evaluation of Omecamtiv Mecarbil Related to Increased Contractility in Heart Failure), a Phase 3 clinical trial designed to evaluate the effect of treatment with omecamtiv mecarbil compared to placebo on exercise capacity.

About Cytokinetics and Amgen Collaboration

In 2006, Cytokinetics and Amgen entered into a strategic alliance to discover, develop and commercialize novel small molecule therapeutics designed to activate the cardiac sarcomere for the potential treatment of heart failure. Omecamtiv mecarbil is being developed by Amgen in collaboration with Cytokinetics, with funding and strategic support from Servier. Amgen holds an exclusive, worldwide license to omecamtiv mecarbil and related compounds, subject to Cytokinetics' specified development and commercialization rights. Cytokinetics is eligible for pre-commercialization and commercialization milestone payments and royalties that escalate based on increasing levels of annual net sales of products commercialized under the agreement. Cytokinetics has co-invested with Amgen in the Phase 3 development program of omecamtiv mecarbil in exchange for increased royalties from Amgen on worldwide sales of omecamtiv mecarbil outside Japan and co-promotion rights in institutional care settings in North America. Amgen has also entered an alliance with Servier for exclusive commercialization rights for omecamtiv mecarbil in Europe as well as the Commonwealth of Independent States, including Russia.

Related Posts

Subscribe Our Newsletter